Magnetic Flux

Consider a closed curve enclosing an area A (as shown in the figure). Let there be a uniform magnetic field B in that region. The magnetic flux through the area A is given by2.PNG

Φ = B.A = B A CosΘ

where Θ is the angle which the vector B makes with the normal to the surface. If B is perpendicular to A, then the flux through the closed area A is zero.

SI unit of magnetic flux is weber (Wb).

Notes :

  • Area vector is ⊥ to the surface.
  • For open surface choose one direction as the area vector direction and stick to it for the whole problem.
  • For closed surfaces outward normal is taken as area vector direction
  • Flux is basically count of number of lines crossing a surface
  • 3.PNG                            [because magnetic field lines exists in closed loop.]



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