NEET Biology The Living World (Exercise-1)

NEET

Biology

The Living World

Exercise-1

Q.1 Most acceptable concept of species is –
(1) Static concept
(2) Biological concept
(3) Typological concept
(4) Genetic concept

Q.2 Artificial system of classification classifies plants on the basis of –
(1) One or two characters
(2) Phylogenetic trends
(3) Many naturally existing characters
(4) None of the above

Q.3 The term new systematics was introduced by –
(1) Linnaeus (2) Bentham
(3) Hutchinson (4) Huxley

Q.4 Group of organisms that closely resemble each other and freely interbreed in nature, constitute a –
(1) Species (2) Genus
(3) Family (4) Taxon

Q.5 ICBN was first revised in –
(1) 1961 (2) 1964
(3) 1975 (4) 1753

Q.6 The term taxon refers to –
(1) Name of a species

(2) Name of genus
(3) Name of family
(4) A taxonomic group of any rank

Q.7 The herberium specimen on whose basis a new species is described for the first time is called as –
(1) Syntype (2) Holotype
(3) Paratype (4) Neotype

Q.8 The scientific naming of plants begain with publication of Linnaeus book –
(1) Genera plantarum (2) Systema naturae
(3) Species plantarum (4) Charaka sanhita

Q.9 Which book most impressed the opinion of taxonomists –
(1) Enquiry into plants (2) Origin of life
(3) Genera plantarum (4) Origin of species

Q.10 The basic unit of classification is –
(1) Genus (2) Species
(3) Order (4) All of the above

Q.11 Suffix for sub species is –
(1) Phytina (2) Oideae
(3) Ineae (4) None

Q.12 Individuals of same species having non-genetic difference due to environment are called –
(1) Biotypes (2) Ecotype
(3) Ecophenes (4) None

Q.13 Morphologically similar but reproductively isolated species are called –
(1) Neontological species
(2) Sibling species
(3) Allopatric species
(4) Morpho-species

Q.14 Plant nomenclature means –
(1) To give names to plants without any rules
(2) Nomenclature of plants under the international rules
(3) Nomenclature of plants in local language
(4) Nomenclature of plants in english language

Q.15 Taxonomy refers to –
(1) Plant classification
(2) Plant nomenclature
(3) Plant affinity
(4) All the above

Q.16 Which of the following is a correct name –

(1) Solanum tuberosum

(2) Solanum tuberosum
(3) Solanum tuberosum Linn.

(4) All the above

Q.17 Systematics deals with –

(1) Classification
(2) Nomenclature
(3) Plant description
(4) Plant exploration

Q.18 Scientific name of Mango plant is Mangifera indica (Linn.) Santapau in the above name Santapau refers to –

(1) Variety of Mango
(2) A taxonomist who proposed the present nomenclature in honour of linnaeus.
(3) A taxonomist who proposed first the details of mango plant.
(4) A taxonomist who proposed the new name.

Q.19 Type specimen selected from the original material in case the holotype is missing is called-
(1) Lactotype       (2) Neotype
(3) Syntype          (4) Paratype

Q.20 Phylogeny refers to –
(1) Natural classification
(2) Evolutionary classification
(3) Evolutionary history
(4) Origin of algae

Q.21 Static concept of species is given by –
(1) Linnaeus       (2) Bentham
(3) Koch               (4) Mayr

Q.22 In taxonomy the first step is –
(1) Identification    (2) Nomenclature
(3) Classification     (4) Affinities

Q.23 The suffix-inae singnifies the rank –
(1) Tribe             (2) Sub-tribe
(3) Sub-order     (4) Sub-family

Q.24 Species living in different geographical areas are called –
(1) Allochronic    (2) Allopatric
(3) Sympatric       (4) Siblings

Q.25 A large number of unknown species of plants and animals are believed to be present in –
(1) Temperate forests    (2) Antarctica
(3) Taiga                           (4) Tropical forest

Q.26 Biological concept of species proposed by –
(1) Linnaeus     (2) Mayr
(3) John Ray      (4) De Candolle

Q.27 For higher plants, flowers are chiefly used as a basis of classification, because-
(1) These show a great veriety in colour
(2) It can be preserved easily
(3) Reproductive parts are more conservative than vegetative parts
(4) None of these

Q.28 Individuals of same species having genetic variation and occur in same environment are called-
(1) Biotypes        (2) Ecotype
(3) Ecophenes    (4) Ecads

Q.29 The smallest unit of classification is-
(1) Family       (2) Order
(3) Genus        (4) Species

Q.30 The binomial system of nomenclature was initially proposed by –
(1) Magnus             (2) Bauhin
(3) Caesalpinno     (4) Discorides

Q.31 Biochemical resemblances are used in the identification of –
(1) Prostistan species     (2) Moneran species
(3) Fungal species           (4) Higher plants

Q.32 Concept of phylogeny was proposed by –
(1) John Ray                 (2) Lamarck
(3) Ernest Haeckel      (4) Darwin

Q.33 A division is formed by combining several –
(1) Orders       (2) Families
(3) Classes      (4) Tribes

Q.34 An international code of botanical nomenclature was first proposed in the year-
(1) 1930       (2) 1830
(3) 1913       (4) 1813

Q.35 For declaration of new species of higher plants what characters are used –
(1) Floral character of new species
(2) Anatomical characters of new species
(3) Physiological character of new species
(4) Character of endosperm

Q.36 The standared size of herbarium sheets is –
(1) 11.5’’ × 16.5’’     (2) 15.5’’ × 16.5’’
(3) 18.5’’ × 10.5’’     (4) 20.5’’ × 21.5’’

Q.37 Which statement is true –
(1) Tautonyms do not occur in plants
(2) Tautonyms do not occur in animals
(3) Tautonyms normally occur in animals and some time occur in plants
(4) Tautonyms occurs only in bacteria

Q.38 Trinomial nomenclature of classification was proposed by –
(1) Linneaus
(2) Huxley and Stricklandt
(3) John-Ray
(4) Theophrastus

Q.39 Most of the botanical names are drawn from the following language –
(1) German            (2) Greek
(3) Latin                 (4) Spanish

Q.40 Evolutionary classification is called –
(1) Artificial system
(2) Natural system
(3) Phylogenetic system
(4) None of the above

Q.41 Which of the following statements regarding nomenclature is correct –
(1) Generic name always begins with capital letter whereas specific name with small letter
(2) Scientific name should be printed in italics
(3) Scientific name when typed or handwritten should be underlined
(4) All the above

Q.42 The systematic arrangement of taxa is called-
(1) Key                  (2) Taxonomy
(3) Geneology      (4) Hierarchy

Q.43 Which is the most important but generally not used criteria for the identification of the species-
(1) Interbreeding         (2) Morphology
(3) Genetic material    (4) None

Q.44 Number of obligatory categories in taxonomy are-
(1) 7             (2) 8
(3) 9             (4) 5

Q.45 Herbarium is –
(1) A garden where medicinal plants are grown
(2) Garden where herbaceous plants are grown
(3) Dry garden
(4) Chemical to kill plants

Q.46 The year of publication of ‘’Species plantarum’’-
(1) 1853               (2) 1857
(3) 1753               (4) 1786

Q.47 The biological concept of species is mainly based on –
(1) Morphological features
(2) Morphology and method of reproduction
(3) Method of reproduction only
(4) Reproductive isolation

Q.48 A duplicate of holotype is called –
(1) Isotype              (2) Syntype
(3) Neotype            (4) Paratype

Q.49 Term taxon given by –
(1) Adolf Mayer      (2) Linnaeus
(3) Darwin               (4) Koch

Q.50 Which of the following is a correct scientific name –
(1) Tamarindus              (2) Indicus
(3) Indica                         (4)Tamarindus indicus


ANSWERS


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