Very Short Answer Type Questions (One Mark Each)
Q.1. Can sound travel through vacuum ?
AnswerAnswer: No, sound cannot travel through vacuum.
Q.2. What is the nature of sound waves ?
AnswerAnswer: Sound waves are longitudinal mechanical waves.
Q.3. In which direction medium particles, oscillates in a longitudinal wave ?
AnswerAnswer: Parallel to the directions of wave motion.
Q.4. What is a transverse wave ?
AnswerAnswer: A wave in which medium particles are oscillating along a direction perpendicular to the direction of wave motion.
Q.5. Define frequency of a wave?
AnswerAnswer: The number of oscillation made by a medium particle in one second is called the frequency of wave.
Q.6. Give a relation correlating sound velocity with its frequency and wavelength ?
AnswerAnswer: Velocity of sound (v) = frequency (f) x wavelength (λ)
Q.7. A sound travels in air with a speed of 330 m/s. Find the wavelength of sound wave if its frequency is 500 Hz.
AnswerAnswer: Wavelength (λ) = Velocity of sound (v) / frequency (f) = 330/500 = 0.66 m
Q.8. What is SI unit of frequency ?
AnswerAnswer: A hertz (Hz), where 1 Hz = 1 oscillation per second.
Q.9. What is the true meaning of amplitude of a longitudinal wave ?
AnswerAnswer: Maximum variation of pressure (or density) in the given longitudinal wave.
Q.10. How is the frequency of a wave related to its time period ?
AnswerAnswer: Frequency = 1 / Time period
Q.11. Name the three characteristics of a sound.
AnswerAnswer: (i) pitch (ii) Loudness, and (iii) Quality
Q.12. On which physical quantity does pitch of a sound depend ?
AnswerAnswer: Pitch solely depends on the frequency of sound.
Q.13. In an orchestra different musical instruments produce their own sounds. Do these sounds reach us with same speed or different speed ? Why ?
AnswerAnswer: With same speed because speed of sound in a medium is same for sounds of all frequencies.
Q.14. On what factors does the loudness of a sound depend?
AnswerAnswer: Loudness of a sound mainly depends on its amplitude and the response of the listener’s ear to the sound.
Q.15. Which sound has higher energy, a loud sound or a soft sound ?
AnswerAnswer: A loud sound has more energy associated with it.
Q.16. What is the meaning of the characteristic ‘quality’ of a sound ?
AnswerAnswer: Quality is that characteristics which enables us to distinguish two different sounds although they may be having same pitch and same loudness.
Q.17. On what factors does speed of sound in a medium depend ?
AnswerAnswer: Speed of sound in a medium depends on density and elasticity of the medium.
Q.18. How does speed of sound in a medium vary on changing the temperature ?
AnswerAnswer: Speed of sound in a medium increases with increase in temperature.
Q.19. How does speed of sound change when we go from solid to gaseous state ?
AnswerAnswer: The speed of sound decreases when we go from solid to gaseous state.
Q.20. What is supersonic speed ?