Questions on Earth’s Magnetism

Q1. Where on the surface of Earth is the vertical component of Earth’s magnetic field zero?                                                                                                                      

Q2. The horizontal component of the earth’s magnetic field at a place is B and angle of dip is 60°. What is the value of vertical component of earth’s magnetic field at equator?

Q3. A magnetic needle, free to rotate in a vertical plane, orients itself vertically at a certain place on the Earth. What are the values of (i) horizontal component of Earth’s magnetic field and (ii) angle of dip at this place?                                           

Q4. Where on the surface of Earth is the angle of dip 900?                                    

Q5. If the horizontal and vertical components of the Earth’s magnetic field are equal at a certain place, what would be the angle of dip at that place?                    

Q6.      A magnetic needle free to rotate in a vertical plane parallel to the magnetic meridian has its north tip down at 60° with the horizontal. The horizontal component of the earth’s magnetic field at the place, is known to be 0.4 G. Determine the magnitude of the earth’s magnetic field at the place.                      

Q7. (i) Name the three elements of the Earth’s magnetic field.

(ii) Where on the surface of the Earth is the vertical component of the Earth’s magnetic field zero?                                                                                                        

Q8. The horizontal component, of the earth’s magnetic field, at a place is  1/√3  times its vertical component there. Find the value of the angle of dip at that place. What is the ratio of the horizontal component to the total magnetic field of the earth at that place?     

Q9. A compass needle, free to turn in a vertical plane orients itself with its axis vertical at a certain place on the earth. Find out the values of (i) horizontal component of earth’s magnetic field and (ii) angle of dip at the place.                 

Q10. The apparent dip at two planes, perpendicular to each other are δ1 and δ2  respectively, if δ be the real dip, prove that . 

ANSWERS

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