Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason.
Mark the correct choice as:
(a) If both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.
(b) If both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but Reason is false.
(d) If both Assertion and Reason are false.
Q.1. Assertion: A person should be considered reproductively healthy if they have healthy reproductive organs but are emotionally imbalanced.
Reason: This statement about reproductive health was given by WHO.
Answer(d) A person is reproductively healthy if he/ she is capable of producing offsprings.
Q.2. Assertion: Family planning is an action plan to attain reproductive health among people.
Reason: Improved programmes covering reproduction related areas were propagated by RCH to create awareness among people.
Answer(b) Family planning helps in maintaining reproductive health.
Q.3. Assertion: Reproductive and Child Healthcare Programmes is for reproduction related areas.
Reason: It deals with creating awareness among various reproduction related aspects.
Answer(a) The Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programme was launched in October 1997. The main aim of the programme is to reduce infant, child and maternal mortality rates.
Q.4. Assertion: A wide range of contraceptive methods are available for family planning.
Reason: Natural method includes condoms, diaphragms, etc., while barrier methods use of included method like periodic abstinence, actational amenorrhea, etc.
Answer(c) Natural methods work on the principle of avoiding chances of meeting of ovum and sperm, e.g. periodic abstinence, lactiational amenorrhea. In barrier methods, ovum and sperm are prevented from physically meeting with help of a barrier, e.g. condoms, cervical caps, etc.
Q.5. Assertion: Introduction of sex education in schools should be encouraged.
Reason: This will encourage children to believe in myths about sex related aspects.
Answer(c) Introduction of sex education in schools should be encouraged to provide right information to the young children and to discourage them from believing in myths and having misconceptions about sexrelated aspects. Proper information about reproductive organs, adolescence and related changes, safe and hygienic sexual practices, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), AIDS, etc., would help people, especially those in the adolescent age group to lead a reproductively healthy life.
Q.6. Assertion: Amniocentesis is often missemployed.
Reason: Amniocentesis is meant for determining the genetic disorders in the foetus, but it is being used to determine the sex of the foetus, leading to death of the normal female foetus.
Answer(a) Amniocentesis (amniotic fluid test or AFT) is a medical procedure used in prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities and fetal infections, and also for sex determination, in which a small amount of amniotic fluid, which contains foetal tissues, is sampled from the amniotic sac surrounding a developing foetus, and then the foetal DNA is examined for genetic abnormalities.
Q.7. Assertion: Natality increases both population density and population size.
Reason: Natality increases the number of individuals in an area by births.
Answer(a) Natality is generally expressd as number of birth per 1,000 individuals of a population per year. It increase the population size and population density.
Q.8. Assertion: Saheli, the new oral contraceptive for the females, contains a steroidal preparation.
Reason: It is “once in a day” pill with very few side effects.
Answer(d) Saheli – the new oral contraceptive for the females contains a non-steroidal preparation. It is a ‘once a week’ pill with very few side effects and high contraceptive value.
Q.9. Assertion: Rapid decline in death rate, MMR and IMR have lead to a staggering rise in population.
Reason: Such an alarming growth rate has lead to an absolute scarcity of even the most basic requirements, i.e. food and shelter.
Answer(b) There is rapid decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) The recent World Bank data puts the MMR for India reported in 2015 at 174 per 100, 000 live births, which is a significant decline from the 215 figure that was reported in 2010.
Q.10. Assertion: Zero population growth should be achieved as early as possible to control human population.
Reason: This as requires not two children per couple but a lilttle more.
Answer(a) Two children per couple holds good for zero population growth. But in large democratic countries like India, it will take little more.
Q.11. Assertion: Periodic abstinence is a method in which couples avoid from coitus from day 17 to 27 of menstrual cycle.
Reason: It is a very effective method and 100% sure of birth control.
Answer(d) Periodic abstinence is a natural method in which the couples avoid or abstain from coitus from day 10 to 17 of the menstrual cycle when ovulation could be expected. The effectiveness of this method is limited because only a few women have reuglar menstrual cycles and the actual time of ovulation can be produced as the ovulation in humans occurs about 14 days before the onset of the next menstruation.
Q.12. Assertion: There is chance of fertilisation during 10 -17 days menstrual cycle.
Reason: Ovulation occurs during these days.
Answer(a) Ovulation is likely to occur between 10-17 days of menstrual cycle.
Q.13. Assertion: Contraceptives are methods to prevent unwanted pergnancies.
Reason: Unwanted pregnancies can only be prevent by using oral contraceptives.
Answer(c) Contraceptives can be broadly grouped into natural, barrier, IUDs, oral contraceptives, injectables, implants and surgical methods.
Q.14. Asertion: Barrier methods prevent physical meeting of sperms and ova.
Reason: This prevents conception.
Answer(a) Barrier methods include the diaphragm, cervical cap, male condom, and female condom and spermicidal foam, sponges, and film. Unlike other methods of birth control, barrier methods these are used only during sexual intercourse.
Q.15. Assertion: Reusable contraceptives are not full proof method of contraceptions.
Reason: Diaphragms, cervical caps and vaults are barrier methods which prevent conceptions by blocking entry of sperms through cervix. They are reusable.