# NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Ex 1.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Ex 1.3 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Ex 1.3.

• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.1
• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.2
• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.3
• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.4
• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.5
• Number Systems Class 9 Ex 1.6

## NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 1 Number Systems Ex 1.3

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 1.
Write the following in decimal form and say what kind of decimal expansion each has :
(1) $\frac { 36 }{ 100 }$
(2) $\frac { 1 }{ 11 }$
(3) 4 $\frac { 1 }{ 8 }$
(4) $\frac { 3 }{ 13 }$
(5) $\frac { 2 }{ 11}$
(6) $\frac { 329 }{ 400 }$
Solution:
(1) $\cfrac { 36 }{ 100 }$ = 0.36, terminating.
(2) By long division, we have (3)  (4)

∴ $\cfrac { 3 }{ 13 }$ = 0.23076923 = $0.\overline { 230769 }$
(5) ∴ $\cfrac { 2 }{ 11 }$ = 0.181818 = $0.\overline { 18 },$

(6) Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 2.
You know that $\cfrac { 1 }{ 7 }$ = $0.\overline { 142857 }$ .Can you predict what the decimal expansions of $\cfrac { 2 }{ 7 } ,\cfrac { 3 }{ 7 } ,\cfrac { 4 }{ 7 },\cfrac { 5 }{ 7 }, \cfrac { 6 }{ 7 }$ are, without actually doing the long  division? If so, how? [Hint: Study the remainders while finding the value of $\cfrac { 1 }{ 7 }$ carefully.]
Solution:
We have, $\cfrac { 1 }{ 7 }$ = $0.\overline { 142857 }$ Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 3.
Express the following in the form $\frac { P }{ q }$, where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.

1. $0.\overline { 6 }$
2. 0. $4\overline { 7 }$
3. $0.\overline { 001 }$

Solution:
(1) Let x = $0.\overline { 6 }$ = 0.666…………     …(i)
Multiplying Eq. (i) by 10, we get
10x = 6.666…                 …(ii)
On subtracting Eq. (i) from Eq. (ii), we get
(10x – x) = (6.666…) – (0.666…)
9x = 6 => x = 6/9           => x = 2/3
x = 0. $4\overline { 7 }$  = 0.4777

(2) Let
Multiplying Eq. (i) by 10, we get
10x = 4.777…                       …(ii)
Multiplying Eq. (ii) by 10, we get
100x = 47.777                                               … (iii)
On subtracting Eq. (ii) from Eq. (iii), we get
(100x-10x)= (47.777…) – (4.777…)
90x =43      => x = $\cfrac { 43 }{ 100 }$
x = $0.\overline { 001 }$  = 0.001001001…

(3) Let
Multiplying Eq. (i) by 1000, we get
1000x = 1.001001001…
On subtracting Eq. (i) from Eq. (ii), we get
(1000x – x) = (1.001001001…) – (0.001001001…)
999x = 1  => $\cfrac { 1 }{ 999 }$

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 4.
Express 0.99999… in the form $\cfrac { P }{ q }$. Are you surprised by your answer? With your teacher and classmates discuss why the answer makes sense.
Solution:
Let x = 0.9999…                                                                              …(i)
Here, we have only one repeating digit. So, we multiply both sides of (i) by 10 to get
10x = 9.999….                                        …(ii)
Subtracting (i) from,(ii), we get
10x-x = (9.999…)-(0.9999…)
=>   9x = 9
=> x = 1
Hence, 0.9999…= 1
Since, 0.9999… goes on forever. So, there is no gap between 1 and 0.9999… and hence they are equal.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 5.
What can the maximum number of digits be in the repeating block of digits in the decimal expansion $\cfrac { 1 }{ 17 }$? Perform the division to check your answer.
Solution: Thus, $\cfrac { 1 }{ 17 }$ = $0.\overline { 0588235294117647 }$
∴ The maximum number of digits in the quotient while computing $\cfrac { 1 }{ 17 }$ are 16.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 6.
Look at several examples of rational numbers in the form $\cfrac { p }{ q }$ (q ≠ 0), where, p and q are integers with no common factors other than 1 and having terminating decimal representations (expansions). Can you guess what property q must satisfy?
Solution:
Consider many rational numbers in the form $\cfrac { p }{ q }$ (q ≠ 0) , where p and q are
integers with no common factors other than 1 and having terminating decimal representations.   From the above, we find that the decimal expansion of the above numbers is terminating. Along with we see that the denominator of the above numbers are in the form 2m x 5n, where m and n are natural numbers. So, the decimal representation of rational numbers can be represented as a terminating decimal.

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 7.
Write three numbers whose decimal expansions are non-terminating non-recurring.
Solution:
Three numbers whose decimal representations are non-terminating and non-repeating are $\sqrt { 2 }$ , $\sqrt { 3 }$ and $\sqrt { 5 }$ or we can say 0.100100010001…, 0.20200200020002… and 0.003000300003…

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 8.
Find three different irrational numbers between the rational numbers $\cfrac { 5 }{ 7 }$and $\cfrac { 9 }{ 11 }$.
Solution:
To find irrational numbers, firstly we shall divide 5 by 7 and 9 by 11, Thus, $\cfrac { 9 }{ 11 }$= 0.8181… = $0.\overline { 81 }$
The required numbers are
0.73073007300073000073…
0.7650765007650007650000…
0.80800800080000…

Ex 1.3 Class 9 Maths Question 9.
Classify the following numbers as rational or irrational:
(1) $\sqrt { 23 }$
(2) $\sqrt { 225 }$
(3) 0.3796
(4) 478478…
(5) 1.101001000100001…
Solution:
(1) $\sqrt { 23 }$ is an irrational number as 23 is not a perfect square.
(2) $\sqrt { 225 }$ $\sqrt { 3 x 3 x 5 x 5 }$ Thus, 15 is a rational number.
(3) 0.3796 is a rational number as it is terminating decimal.
(4) 7.478478… is non-terminating but repeating, so, it is a rational number.
(5) 1.101001000100001… is non-terminating and non-repeating so, it is an irrational number.

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