NEET DPP Biology Ch-07 Structural Organisation in Animals

Q.1. The kind of epithelium which forms the inner walls of blood vessels is
(a) cuboidal epithelium
(b) columnar epithelium
(c) ciliated columnar epithelium
(d) squamous epithelium

Q.2. The cell junctions called tight, adhering and gap junctions are found in
(a) connective tissue
(b) epithelial tissue
(c) neural tissue
(d) muscular tissue

Q.3. Housefly possesses
(a) two pairs of wings
(b) one pair of wings
(c) three pairs of wings
(d) four pair of wings

Q.4. Excretory organs of Cockroach are
(a) flame cells
(b) nephridia
(c) hreen glands
(d) malpighian tubules

Q.5. Myoglobin is present in
(a) all muscle fibres
(b) white muscle fibres only
(c) red muscle fibres only
(d) both white and red muscle fibres

Q.6. Intercalated discs are the communication junctions between the cells of
(a) cardiac muscles
(b) striped muscles
(c) adipose tissue
(d) nerve and striated muscles

Q.7. What is common among silverfish, scorpion, crab and honey bee?
(a) Compound eyes
(b) Poison glands
(c) Jointed legs
(d) Metamorphosis

Q.8. Mast cells are associated with
(a) exocrine glands
(b) endocrine glands
(c) areolar connective tissue
(d) neural tissue

Q.9. Lymph differs from blood in possessing
(a) only WBCs.
(b) more RBCs and WBCs.
(c) more RBCs and few WBCs.
(d) more WBCs and few RBCs.

Q.10. Pseudostratified epithelium is found in
(a) oesophagus
(b) respiratory tract
(c) urinary tract
(d) kidney

Q.11. Given below are four matching of an animal and its kind of respiratory organ :
(i) Silver fish – trachea
(ii) Scorpion – book lung
(iii) Sea squirt – pharyngeal gills
(iv) Dolphin – skin
The correct matching are
(a) (iii) and (iv)
(b) (i) and (iv)
(c) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(d) (ii) and (iv)

Q.12. Tendons and ligaments are the examples of
(a) areolar connective tissue
(b) adipose tissue
(c) dense regular connective tissue
(d) loose connective tissue

Q.13. Major inorganic component of vertebrate bone is
(a) calcium carbonate
(b) calcium phosphate
(c) sodium hydroxide
(d) potassium hydroxide

Q.14. Histamine is secreted by
(a) mast cells
(b) fibroblast
(c) histocytes
(d) melanocytes

Q.15. Which of the following is not a granulocyte?
(a) Lymphocyte
(b) Neutrophil
(c) Basophil
(d) Eosinophil

Q.16. The type of epithelial cells which line inner surface of fallopian tubes, bronchioles and small bronchi are known as
(a) squamous epithelium
(b) columnar epithelium
(c) ciliated epithelium
(d) cubical epithelium

Q.17. Male and female cockroaches can be distinguished externally through
(a) anal styles in male
(b) anal cerci in female
(c) anal style and antennae in females
(d) both (b) and (c)

Q.18. The long bones are hollow and connected by air passage. They are characteristic of
(a) aves
(b) mammalia
(c) reptilia
(d) sponges

Q.19. The most active phagocytic white blood cells are
(a) neutrophils and monocytes
(b) neutrophils and eosinophils
(c) lymphocytes and macrophages
(d) eosinophils and lymphocytes

Q.20. In the mouthparts of the cockroach, the organ of mastication is
(a) labium
(b) maxillae
(c) mandibles
(d) labrum

Q.21. Which one of the following groups of structures/organs have similar function?
(a) Typhlosole in earthworm, intestinal villi in rat and contractile vacuole in Amoeba.
(b) Nephridia in earthworm, malpighian tubules in cockroach and urinary tubules in rat.
(c) Antennae of cockroach, tympanum of frog and clitellum of earthworm.
(d) Incisors of rat, gizzard (proventriculus) of cockroach and tube feet of starfish.

Q.22. Which of the following statements are wrong?
(i) Leucocytes disintegrate in the spleen and liver.
(ii) RBC, WBC and blood platelets are produced by bone marrow.
(iii) Neutrophils bring about destruction and detoxification of toxins of protein origin.
(iv) The important function of lymphocytes is to produce antibodies.
(a) (i) and (ii) only
(b) (i) and (iv) only
(c) (i) and (iii) only
(d) (ii) and (iii) only

Q.23. Malpighian tubules are the excretory organs in
(a) Cockroach
(b) Platyhelminthes
(c) Ascaris
(d) Pila

Q.24. Young one of the cockroach is called
(a) Naid
(b) Grub
(c) Nymph
(d) Maggot

Q.25. Cilia, Flagella and microvilli are associated with the
(a) Connective tissue
(b) Epithelial tissue
(c) Nervous tissue
(d) Muscular tissue

Q.26. In which of the following animals, respiration occurs without any respiratory organ?
(a) Frog
(b) Fish
(c) Cockroach
(d) Earthworm

Q.27. Which of the following type of cell junction is not found in animal tissues ?
(a) Desmosome
(b) Tight junction
(c) Gap junction
(d) Plasmodesmata

Q.28. Which one of the following cellular components of the blood is responsible for the production of antibodies?
(a) Thrombocyte
(b) Lymphocyte
(c) Monocyte
(d) Erythrocyte

Q.29. Sprain is caused due to the excessive pulling of
(a) Muscles
(b) Tendons
(c) Ligaments
(d) All of the above

Q.30. In cockroach, the corpora allata is
(a) A sense organ
(b) A tactile organ
(c) An endocrine organ
(d) A digestive gland

Q.31. Which of the following is incorrect w.r.t stucture/gland of cockroach and its total number in body?
(a) Collateral glands in female cockroach – 2
(b) Malpighian tubules – 100- 150
(c) Spiracles – 10
(d) Ommatidia in each compound eye – 2000

Q.32. The function of basement membrane in epithelial tissue is to
(a) Facilitate communication of cells with each other
(b) Allow rapid ion transfer among cells
(c) Separate the epithellal tissue from underlying connective tissue
(d) Produce multiple layers of cells in a compound epithelium

Q.33. All among the following are function of connective tissue except
(a) Binding support
(b) Fat storage
(c) Body defense and transport
(d) Propelling mucus towards the pharynx

Q.34. Mark the statement that is incorrect for smooth muscles.
(a) Smooth muscles from the muscular component of the visceral organs such as blood vessels, urinary bladder, ciliary body etc.
(b) Smooth muscles cells do not have the troponintropomyosin mechanism of controlling contraction
(c) Irritability is shown by all smooth muscles except ciliary muscles
(d) Hair root muscles and muscles on the large blood vessels are in example of multi-unit smooth muscles

Q.35. The avascular nature of cartilage is responsible for its
(a) Flexibility
(b) Slow repair
(c) Suitability for embryonic endoskeleton
(d) Transparent consistency

Q.36. Match Column-I with Column-II and select the correct option from the codes given below.
Column-I Column-II
A. Hyaline cartilage I. Pectoral girdle of frog
B. Fibrous cartilage II. Long bones; sternum; ribs
C. Elastic cartilage III. Pubic symphysis
D. Calcified cartilage IV. Eustachain tube; epiglottis
(a) A-I; B-II; C-III; D-IV
(b) A-II; B-III; C-IV; D-I
(c) A-II; B-IV; C-III; D-I
(d) A-IV; B-III; C-II; D-I

Q.37. The type of epithelial cells which line the inner surface of Fallopian tubes, bronchioles and small bronchi are known as
(a) squamous epithelium
(b) columnar epithelium
(c) ciliated epithelium
(d) cubical epithelium

Q.38. The wall of heart is thick due to
(a) Pericardium
(b) Epicardium
(c) Myocardium
(d) Endocardium

Q.39. The strongest cartilage is
(a) Hyaline cartilage
(b) Elastic cartilage
(c) Fibrous cartilage
(d) None of the above

Q.40. Nissl’s granules are found in cyton of nerve cells. These have affinity for basic dyes. The granules are made up of
(a) Protein
(b) DNA
(c) Amino acids
(d) RNA

Q.41. The inability to absorb digested nutrients may be due to damage of which type of epithelium?
(a) Ciliated columnar
(b) Simple columnar
(c) Simple squamous
(d) Simple cuboidal

Q.42. The presence of a basement membrane is typical of most
(a) Epithelial tissues
(b) Connective tissues
(c) Nervous tissues
(d) Muscle tissues

Q.43. The most appropriate definition of Neuroglial cells are that they are
(a) Nonsensory supporting cells
(b) Secretory cells
(c) Sensory cells
(d) Sensory and supporting cells

Q.44. Covering around bone is called
(a) Perichondrion
(b) Periosteum
(c) Epiosteum
(d) Endosteum

Q.45. The figure given below shows the head region of cockroach. Identify A to F.


(a) A- Compound eye, B-Ocellus, C-Maxilla, D-Mandible, E-Labrum, F-Labium
(b) A- Ocellus, B-Compound eye, C-Mandible, D-Maxilla, E-Labrum, F-Labium
(c) A- Ocellus, B-Compound eye, C-Mandible, D-Maxilla, E-Labium, F-Labrum
(d) A- Ocellus, B-Compound eye, C-Maxilla, D-Mandible, E-Labrum, F-Labium

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