Assertion and Reason Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 How Do Organisms Reproduce

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Following questions consist of two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q.1. Assertion(A) : Asexual reproduction is a primitive type of reproduction.
Reason (R) : Asexual reproduction involves only mitotic cell division.

Answer (a)

Q.2. Assertion(A) : Spores are unicellular bodies.
Reason (R) : The parent body simply breaks up into smaller pieces on maturation.

Answer (c)

Q.3. Assertion(A) : Clones are offspring of an organism formed by asexual reproduction.
Reason (R) : Clones have exact copies of DNA as their parent.

Answer (b)

Q.4. Assertion(A) : Colonies of yeast multiply in sugar solution.
Reason (R) : Sugar is made of sucrose which provides energy for sustaining all life activities.

Answer (a)

Q.5. Assertion(A): Pollen grains from the carpel stick to the stigma of stamen.
Reason (R) : The fertilised egg cells grow inside the ovules and become seeds.

Answer (d)

Q.6. Assertion(A) : The offspring produced by sexual reproduction is likely to adjust better in environmental fluctuation.
Reason (R) : During the fusion of gametes there is mixing of genetic material from two parents.

Answer (a)

Q.7. Assertion(A) : Growth hormone stimulates the growth of different body parts.
Reason (R) : Gonadotropins stimulate the production of sex hormones.

Answer (b)

Q.8. Assertion(A): Testes lie in penis outside the body.
Reason (R) : Sperms require temperature lower than the body temperature for development

Answer (d)

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