Assertion and Reason Questions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 6 Thermodynamics

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Assertion and Reason Questions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 6 Thermodynamics

Directions:
(a) Assertion and reason both are correct statements and reason is correct explanation for assertion.
(b) Assertion and reason both are correct statements but reason is not correct explanation for assertion.
(c) Assertion is correct statement but reason is wrong statement.
(d) Assertion is wrong statement but reason is correct statement.

Q.1. Assertion : Enthalpy of formation of graphite is zero but of diamond it is not zero.
Reason : Enthalpy of formation of the most stable allotrope is taken as zero.

Answer Answer:(a) : Graphite is the most stable form.

Q.2. Assertion : Heat of neutralisation for both H2SO4 and HCl with NaOH is 53.7 kJ mol –1.
Reason : Both HCl and H2SO4 are strong acids.

Answer Answer:(a)

Q.3. Assertion : Some salts are sparingly soluble in water at room temperature.
Reason : The entropy increases on dissolving the salts.

Answer Answer:(b)

Q.4. Assertion : Spontaneous process is an irreversible process and may be reversed by some external agency.
Reason : Decrease in enthalpy is a contributory factor for spontaneity.

Answer Answer:(b)

Q.5. Assertion : Decrease in free energy causes spontaneous reaction.

Reason : Spontaneous reactions are invariable exothermic reactions.

Answer Answer:(c) : Exothermic reactions are spontaneous at low temperature but becomes non-spontaneous at high temperature.

Q.6. Assertion : The heat absorbed during the isothermal expansion of an ideal gas against vaccum is zero.

Reason : The volume occupied by the molecules of an ideal gas is zero.

Answer Answer:(b)

Q.7. Assertion : U is a state function.
Reason : T is an intensive property.

Answer Answer:(b)

Q.8. Assertion : Entropy of system increases for a spontaneous reaction.
Reason : Enthalpy of reaction always decreases for spontaneous reaction.

Answer Answer:(a) : ∆S is +ve and ∆H is –ve for a spontaneous reaction at all temperatures.


Q.9. Assertion : Sublimation of the solid is nonspontaneous.
Reason : Sublimation is endothermic process.

Answer Answer:(d) : Sublimation of the solid is spontaneous due to increase in entropy.

Q.10. Assertion : The sum of q + w is a state function.
Reason : Work and heat are state functions.

Answer Answer:(c): ∆E = q + w Internal energy is a state function, but not q or w.

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