Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

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[PDF] Download Chapterwise Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

The following questions consist of two statements — Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q.1. Assertion (A) : Language, too, played an important role in developing nationalist sentiments.
Reason (R) : After Russian occupation, the Polish language was welcomed in schools and the Russian language was forced out.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (c)

Q.2. Assertion (A) : During the years following 1818, the fear of repression drove many liberal-nationalists underground.
Reason (R) : Secret societies sprang up in many European states to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (d)

Q.3. Assertion (A) : During the 1830s, Giuseppe Garibaldi had sought to put together a coherent programme for a unitary Italian Republic.
Reason (R) : Chief Minister Cavour who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy was neither a revolutionary nor a democratic.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (d)

Q.4. Assertion (A) : The development of nationalism did not come about only through wars and territorial expansion.
Reason (R) : Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation: art and poetry, stories and music helped express and shape nationalist feelings.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a)

Q.5. Assertion (A) : The 1830s were years of great economic hardship in Europe.
Reason (R) : National Assembly proclaimed a Republic, granted suffrage to all adult males above 21, and guaranteed the right to work.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (b)

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What is Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science?

Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science are designed to test student’s ability to reason and analyze information, and to draw logical conclusions based on the given information. Assertion Reason Questions consist of two statements – an assertion and a reason – and you need to determine whether both statements are true, whether the assertion is true but the reason is false, or whether both statements are false.

Tips for Answering ARQs:

Here are some tips and strategies to help you answer assertion reason questions in the Class 10 Social Science exam:

  1. Read the assertion and reason carefully

The first step to answering assertion reason questions is to read the assertion and reason carefully. Make sure you understand what the assertion is saying and what the reason is explaining. Pay attention to keywords and phrases that indicate the relationship between the assertion and reason, such as “because”, “since”, “therefore”, “as a result”, etc.

  1. Check for accuracy

Once you have read the assertion and reason, check for accuracy. Is the assertion true or false? Is the reason a valid explanation for the assertion? If you are unsure about the accuracy of the assertion or reason, go back and reread the relevant portion of the text or consult your notes.

  1. Identify the relationship between the assertion and reason

Once you have determined the accuracy of the assertion and reason, identify the relationship between the two. Is the reason a cause of the assertion? Is it a consequence? Is there no relationship at all? If you are unsure about the relationship between the assertion and reason, read the text or your notes again.

  1. Eliminate options

After identifying the relationship between the assertion and reason, eliminate the options that are clearly incorrect. For example, if the assertion is true but the reason is false, eliminate the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. This will help you narrow down your choices and increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.

  1. Use logic and reasoning

Finally, use logic and reasoning to arrive at the correct answer. If the assertion is true and the reason is a valid explanation, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. If the assertion is false but the reason is true, select the option that says the assertion is false but the reason is true. If the assertion and reason are both true but do not have a cause-and-effect relationship, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a valid explanation for the assertion.

Example of an Assertion Reason Question:

Assertion: The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. Reason: The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the assertion: The assertion is true. The Indian National Congress was indeed founded in 1885.

Evaluation of the reason: The reason is also true. The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the relationship between the assertion and the reason: The reason is the correct explanation for the assertion.

Therefore, the answer is (A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation for A.

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