Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

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[PDF] Download Chapterwise Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

The following questions consist of two statements — Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these
questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q.1. Assertion (A): Democracy is not simply a rule by majority of opinion.
Reason (R): In a democracy, majority always need to work with the minority so that governments can function to represent the general view.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) Democracy is not simply a rule by majority of opinion because in a democracy, majority always need to work with the minority so that governments can function on the general view to reduce social conflicts. Hence, Both A and R statements justify each other.

Q.2. Assertion (A): Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom to the individuals.
Reason (R): Democracies have successfully reduced economic disparities.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (c) A is true as democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting dignity and freedom of the individual.  is false as democracies in actual life are unable to reduce economic disparities in the society.

Q.3. Assertion (A): The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision.
Reason (R): Democratic government has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision. The reason behind is that democratic government has to follow certain procedures so that its decisions should be more acceptable to the people and becomes more effective. Hence, Both A and R statements justify each other.

Q.4. Assertion (A): Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures.
Reason (R): A citizen in a democracy who wants to know if a decision was taken through correct procedures can find this out easily.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) Democracy ensures that decision-making will be based on norms and procedures. Thus a citizen can find out easily if in a democracy a decision was taken through correct procedures or not. Hence, both Assertion and Reason statements justify each other.

Q.5. Assertion (A): Democracy transforms people from the status of a subject into that of a citizen.
Reason (R): Most individuals believe that their vote makes a difference to the way the governments run and to their own self-interest.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) Democracy transforms people from the status of a subject into that of a citizen. Thus, most of the individuals believe in a democracy that their vote makes a difference to the way the governments run and their own self-interest. Hence, both A and R statements justify each other.

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What is Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science?

Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science are designed to test student’s ability to reason and analyze information, and to draw logical conclusions based on the given information. Assertion Reason Questions consist of two statements – an assertion and a reason – and you need to determine whether both statements are true, whether the assertion is true but the reason is false, or whether both statements are false.

Tips for Answering ARQs:

Here are some tips and strategies to help you answer assertion reason questions in the Class 10 Social Science exam:

  1. Read the assertion and reason carefully

The first step to answering assertion reason questions is to read the assertion and reason carefully. Make sure you understand what the assertion is saying and what the reason is explaining. Pay attention to keywords and phrases that indicate the relationship between the assertion and reason, such as “because”, “since”, “therefore”, “as a result”, etc.

  1. Check for accuracy

Once you have read the assertion and reason, check for accuracy. Is the assertion true or false? Is the reason a valid explanation for the assertion? If you are unsure about the accuracy of the assertion or reason, go back and reread the relevant portion of the text or consult your notes.

  1. Identify the relationship between the assertion and reason

Once you have determined the accuracy of the assertion and reason, identify the relationship between the two. Is the reason a cause of the assertion? Is it a consequence? Is there no relationship at all? If you are unsure about the relationship between the assertion and reason, read the text or your notes again.

  1. Eliminate options

After identifying the relationship between the assertion and reason, eliminate the options that are clearly incorrect. For example, if the assertion is true but the reason is false, eliminate the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. This will help you narrow down your choices and increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.

  1. Use logic and reasoning

Finally, use logic and reasoning to arrive at the correct answer. If the assertion is true and the reason is a valid explanation, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. If the assertion is false but the reason is true, select the option that says the assertion is false but the reason is true. If the assertion and reason are both true but do not have a cause-and-effect relationship, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a valid explanation for the assertion.

Example of an Assertion Reason Question:

Assertion: The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. Reason: The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the assertion: The assertion is true. The Indian National Congress was indeed founded in 1885.

Evaluation of the reason: The reason is also true. The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the relationship between the assertion and the reason: The reason is the correct explanation for the assertion.

Therefore, the answer is (A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation for A.

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