Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science Economics Chapter 4 Globalisation and the Indian Economy

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[PDF] Download Chapterwise Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science Economics Chapter 4 Globalisation and the Indian Economy

The following questions consist of two statements — Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these
questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q.1. Assertion (A): Trade barrier is a restriction on the free international exchange of goods or services.
Reason (R): Quotas are a way of restriction on volume or quantity of goods to be imported or exported.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (b) Trade barrier is a restriction on the free international exchange of goods or services. It is called a barrier because some restriction has been set up by the governments to regulate foreign trade. On the other hand, Quotas are used as a way of restriction on volume or quantity of goods to be imported or exported. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true, but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.2. Assertion (A): Local businesses may set up joint production process with MNC’s and can earn higher profits.
Reason (R): MNC’s can provide money for additional investments, like buying new machines for faster production.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) At times, MNC’s set up production jointly with some of the local companies of the host countries. The benefit to the local company from such joint production is that MNC’s can provide for additional investments and can bring in newer technology of production that result in fast paced production. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.3. Assertion (A): Globalisation leads to increased competition in international and domestic markets.
Reason (R): Globalisation makes the consumers better off as they have a wider variety of goods to choose from at lower prices.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (b) Globalisation leads to increased competition in intemational and domestic markets as there is free movement of goods, services, labour and funds across countries. Also, consumers are better off as they get better quality and increased variety of goods at lower prices. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.4. Assertion (A): Foreign trade creates an opportunity for the producers to reach beyond the domestic markets.
Reason (R): Foreign Trade expands the choice of goods beyond what is domestically produced.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) Foreign trade creates an opportunity for the producers to reach beyond the domestic markets and thus, expands the choices available for consumers.

Q.5. Assertion (A): MNC’s can exert a strong influence on production at distant locations.
Reason (R): MNC’s can set up partnerships with local companies, use local companies for supplies, compete with the local companies or buy them up.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) By setting up partnerships with local companies, using the local companies for supplies and closely competing with the local companies or buying them up, MNC’s are exerting a strong influence on production at distant locations. As a result, production is widely dispersed locations in getting interlinked. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

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What is Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science?

Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science are designed to test student’s ability to reason and analyze information, and to draw logical conclusions based on the given information. Assertion Reason Questions consist of two statements – an assertion and a reason – and you need to determine whether both statements are true, whether the assertion is true but the reason is false, or whether both statements are false.

Tips for Answering ARQs:

Here are some tips and strategies to help you answer assertion reason questions in the Class 10 Social Science exam:

  1. Read the assertion and reason carefully

The first step to answering assertion reason questions is to read the assertion and reason carefully. Make sure you understand what the assertion is saying and what the reason is explaining. Pay attention to keywords and phrases that indicate the relationship between the assertion and reason, such as “because”, “since”, “therefore”, “as a result”, etc.

  1. Check for accuracy

Once you have read the assertion and reason, check for accuracy. Is the assertion true or false? Is the reason a valid explanation for the assertion? If you are unsure about the accuracy of the assertion or reason, go back and reread the relevant portion of the text or consult your notes.

  1. Identify the relationship between the assertion and reason

Once you have determined the accuracy of the assertion and reason, identify the relationship between the two. Is the reason a cause of the assertion? Is it a consequence? Is there no relationship at all? If you are unsure about the relationship between the assertion and reason, read the text or your notes again.

  1. Eliminate options

After identifying the relationship between the assertion and reason, eliminate the options that are clearly incorrect. For example, if the assertion is true but the reason is false, eliminate the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. This will help you narrow down your choices and increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.

  1. Use logic and reasoning

Finally, use logic and reasoning to arrive at the correct answer. If the assertion is true and the reason is a valid explanation, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. If the assertion is false but the reason is true, select the option that says the assertion is false but the reason is true. If the assertion and reason are both true but do not have a cause-and-effect relationship, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a valid explanation for the assertion.

Example of an Assertion Reason Question:

Assertion: The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. Reason: The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the assertion: The assertion is true. The Indian National Congress was indeed founded in 1885.

Evaluation of the reason: The reason is also true. The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the relationship between the assertion and the reason: The reason is the correct explanation for the assertion.

Therefore, the answer is (A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation for A.

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