Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation

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[PDF] Download Chapterwise Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialisation

The following questions consist of two statements — Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Answer these questions selecting the appropriate option given below:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q.1. Assertion (A): When the Spinning Jenny was introduced in the woolen industry, women who survived on hand spinning began opposing new machines.
Reason (R): The fear of unemployment made workers unfriendly to the introduction of new technology.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) When Spinning Jenny was introduced in the woolen industry, the women who survived on hand spinning opposed new machines because of the fear of unemployment due to the introduction of new technology. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.2. Assertion (A): In 1760s and 1770s, the East India Company faced problems in getting a regular supply of goods for export.
Reason (R): Emergence of new ports was an indication of the growth of new colonial powers.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (b) In the 1760s and 1770s, the East India Company faced problems in getting a regular supply of goods for export. This is because it faced competition from the French, Dutch, Portuguese and local traders. On the other hand, emergence of new ports like Bombay and Calcutta was an indication of the growth of new colonial powers. Hence, both Assertion and Reason statements are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.3. Assertion (A): With the expansion of factories, the demand for workers increased.
Reason (R): Many workers travelled distant places in the hope of work in the mills.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) With the expansion of factories, the demand for workers increased and due to this many workers travelled distant places in the hope of work in the mills. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.4. Assertion (A): By the 1750s, with the arrival of the European companies the Indians started losing their control over the trade.
Reason (R): There was a decline of the old ports like Surat and Hooghly and the emergence of new ports like Bombay and Calcutta.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (b) By the 1750s, with the arrival of the European companies, the Indians started losing their control over the trade. On the other hand, there was decline of the old ports like Surat and Hooghly and emergence of the new ports like Bombay and Calcutta. Hence, both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Q.5. Assertion (A): The period of industrialisation before the first factories came up in Europe is termed as proto-industrialisation.
Reason (R): This period was marked by merchants from towns getting products made in villages.

➤ Show Answer Answer: (a) The period of industrialisation before the first factories came up in Europe is termed as proto-industrialisation as this period was marked by merchants from towns getting products made in villages. Hence, both Assertion and Reason statements are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.

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What is Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science?

Assertion Reason Questions for Class 10 Social Science are designed to test student’s ability to reason and analyze information, and to draw logical conclusions based on the given information. Assertion Reason Questions consist of two statements – an assertion and a reason – and you need to determine whether both statements are true, whether the assertion is true but the reason is false, or whether both statements are false.

Tips for Answering ARQs:

Here are some tips and strategies to help you answer assertion reason questions in the Class 10 Social Science exam:

  1. Read the assertion and reason carefully

The first step to answering assertion reason questions is to read the assertion and reason carefully. Make sure you understand what the assertion is saying and what the reason is explaining. Pay attention to keywords and phrases that indicate the relationship between the assertion and reason, such as “because”, “since”, “therefore”, “as a result”, etc.

  1. Check for accuracy

Once you have read the assertion and reason, check for accuracy. Is the assertion true or false? Is the reason a valid explanation for the assertion? If you are unsure about the accuracy of the assertion or reason, go back and reread the relevant portion of the text or consult your notes.

  1. Identify the relationship between the assertion and reason

Once you have determined the accuracy of the assertion and reason, identify the relationship between the two. Is the reason a cause of the assertion? Is it a consequence? Is there no relationship at all? If you are unsure about the relationship between the assertion and reason, read the text or your notes again.

  1. Eliminate options

After identifying the relationship between the assertion and reason, eliminate the options that are clearly incorrect. For example, if the assertion is true but the reason is false, eliminate the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. This will help you narrow down your choices and increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.

  1. Use logic and reasoning

Finally, use logic and reasoning to arrive at the correct answer. If the assertion is true and the reason is a valid explanation, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true. If the assertion is false but the reason is true, select the option that says the assertion is false but the reason is true. If the assertion and reason are both true but do not have a cause-and-effect relationship, select the option that says both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a valid explanation for the assertion.

Example of an Assertion Reason Question:

Assertion: The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. Reason: The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the assertion: The assertion is true. The Indian National Congress was indeed founded in 1885.

Evaluation of the reason: The reason is also true. The Indian National Congress was founded with the objective of securing greater representation for Indians in the government.

Evaluation of the relationship between the assertion and the reason: The reason is the correct explanation for the assertion.

Therefore, the answer is (A) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation for A.

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